Since 2004 FDES documents have been regulated by the AFNOR NF P 01-010 standard and, since 2014, by the NF EN 15804+A1 standard and its national supplement NF EN 15804/CN. They take the product’s entire life cycle into account, from extracting the raw materials to the end of its life, no forgetting the inclusion of transport, implementation, and even the product’s usage. FDES sheets thus constitute a major multi-criteria tool that helps professionals make choices that will make their building more sustainable, with limited impact on the environment, all while creating a healthy atmosphere for future users.
The main role of the FDES is to provide useful, necessary information to those who want to add unbiased environmental and health criteria to their usual criteria (technical, economic and aesthetic choices).
They are an irreplaceable tool for evaluating the environmental performance of buildings.
FDES sheets can be audited by an independent third party (make link to audit program subtopic).
Some data is directly linked to the manufacturing stage, others are from upstream stages (energy suppliers, raw materials, components, etc.) and downstream (transport, implementation, etc.).
The LCA software chosen by the manufacturer processes all this data to calculate the product’s environmental indicators according to standard NF P 01-010 or European standard NF EN 15804 and its national supplement (XP P 01 064/CN). In parallel, the manufacturer performs laboratory tests in order to provide the information required by the standard for acquiring health and comfort data.
A FDES can be created either on the initiative of a manufacturer, or on the initiative of a professional organisation for an industry that has chosen the Collective FDES.
Since July, 1st 2017, every FDES must be verified by an independent third party (cf. standard ISO 14025) recognised by a program operator under state agreement, such as INIES program.
A FDES is valid for 5 years.